Abstract: In 29 states (including California), there are currently filial responsibility laws in place that many people are unaware of. According to these laws, adult children are financially responsible for the care of their parents if their parents do not possess the resources to cover costs. As a result, these laws are a direct threat to the finances of many. Recent court cases have demonstrated renewed interests in these laws, despite the fact that they’ve largely gone ignored and have an interesting history that dates all the way back to 16th century English “poor laws.” The primary cause in the emergence of increased interest in enforcing the laws stems quite obviously from the skyrocketing costs of care in recent years. In addition to the financial repercussions, some states even attach the possibility of a jail sentence to violators. No one is exactly sure what kind of impact these laws will have on the future, however it’s a sure thing that if one takes the proper steps those repercussions can be avoided.